It can be tough to decide when to spell out numbers in writing this helpful guide outlines the rules for using numbers in writing. There are several rules of thought on how to write numbers, but the most common is pretty simple. Other tips for number usage involve consistency within your manuscript as shown above, each number can be written as a numeral or a word many authors choose to use numerals for large numbers (say, those over 10) but words for small numbers either form is typically fine, but it is best to be consistent with your choice. Significant focus scientific and technical writing will have their own conventions and students should consult a manual dedicated to those standards the main rules about the use of numbers in standard academic writing are about: 1 when to write numbers in words 2 how to avoid confusion with numbers in a sentence 3. While writing numbers, sometimes we use figures or digits and sometimes we write out the number in words here is a quick overview of the rules for writing numbers small numbers numbers smaller than ten should be spelled out two birds were sitting on a branch (not '2 birds were sitting on a branch.
Rule 1 spell out all numbers beginning a sentence examples: twenty-three hundred sixty-one victims were hospitalized nineteen fifty-six was quite a year note: the associated press stylebook makes an exception for years example: 1956 was quite a year rule 2a hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty- one. Adapted from grammarbookcom writing numbers rule 1 spell out single-digit whole numbers use numerals for numbers greater than nine examples: i want five copies i want 10 copies rule 2 be consistent within a category for example, if you choose numerals because one of the numbers is greater than nine, use. It is generally best to write out numbers from zero to one hundred in nontechnical writing in scientific and technical writing, the prevailing style is to write out numbers under ten while there are exceptions to these rules, your predominant concern should be expressing numbers consistently numbers can disrupt readability.
The rules governing writing numbers can be long and complicated but even worse than that, the rules are often in conflict the few that seem to be fairly consistent are the following: spell out numbers from one to nine hyphenate compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine don't start a sentence. Numbers are an integral part of many business communications, but knowing when to spell them out versus when to use figures can be confusing in general, when writing short items that will probably be read on smartphones or tablets, use numbers because space is at a premium and easy reading is a priority for longer. This is surprising in a way, because the basic approach to numbers in apa style is very simple: use words for numbers from one to nine use numerals for numbers 10 and up if these were the only rules to remember, apa style would be a breeze: number of things counted ≥ number of toes = numerals.
The same quantitative language, rules have evolved about how numerical values are presented in writing fortunately, we have standard rules about the expression of numbers in scientific writing to avoid numbers are written as words only for quantities that have been counted if the number is the. 10 rules for writing numbers and numerals how do you express numbers in your writing when do you use figures (digits) and when do you write out the number in words (letters) that is, when do you write 9 and when do you write nine number versus numeral first things first, what is the difference.
Do you know the proper way to spell out numbers spell out numbers that begin sentences, but try to avoid long clunky ones. Rules regarding numbers in writing differ from one academic discipline to the next for example, many scientific disciplines prefer to use numerals because of their emphasis on quantities and measures, while by comparison many of the disciplines in the arts and social sciences insist on words the rules listed below are. Knowing how to write numbers as words is important in academic and professional settings in this lesson, we will cover the main rules along with.